Introduction and Explanations
In our index rating , we distinguish whether an event is a total loss or a serious incident : Both will be recorded in our JACDEC Database, but in the final weighting a total loss counts considerably more. As always we include only flights where paying passengers have been on board. Therefore we disregard all freight – ferry, training of mainetenance flights.
We believe the operational environment is a crucial factor for an airline´s safety performance.
One lesson of our now decade-long experience in aviation safety analysis is the following: There is a direct correlation between the safety of a airline and the competence and transparency of the controlling authorities.
Therefore we use for years the results of the so-called USOAP , this abbreviation stands for Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme . In this global program, guided by all ICAO member, the whole civil aviation system is undergoing a voluntary audit. In particular it is investigated how a country is able to meet and maintain defined standards on aviation safety. [USOAP Website]
The results of this investigation will be published on a website and can be viewed by everyone.
Furthermore, we looked at the level of trancparency an governing authority has. We ask: Are there all relevant occurences laid on the table, or not ? Compared to earlier years, 2013 gave us some encouraging results, but many important players like China, Turkey or Mexico failed to open their accident investigations to a wider audience.
While countries like the USA, the UK, Canada, France or Australia took the lead and implemented an exemplary system of reporting, investigation and publishing of any relevant safety cases regardless wether the major flag carriers are involved or not. Also Brazil , Colombia, South Africa, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Taiwan and the Scandinavian countries have a comparably high level of transparency resulting in a positive in impact to our Index calculations. Countries that do not or only sporadically publish accident investigations , got a lower rating , such as China , Malaysia, Thailand and Turkey.
Further informations and comments by the authors about the Safety Index can be found here.