2015-03-29 Air Canada Airbus A320 badly damaged on landing at Halifax

2015-03-29 Air Canada Airbus A320 badly damaged on landing at Halifax
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2015-03-29 Air Canada Airbus A320 badly damaged on landing at Halifax

Narrative

The Airbus A320 was declared a hull loss when it ran off runway 05 after a hard landing in bad visibility conditions. There were no fatalities but 23 persons have been sent to hospital.


UPDATE 2017-05-18 – Transport Safety Board: 

Download Final Report

On 29 March 2015, an Air Canada Airbus Industrie A320-211 (registration C-FTJP, serial number 233), operating as Air Canada flight 624, was on a scheduled flight from Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport, Ontario, to Halifax/Stanfield International Airport, Nova Scotia, with 133 passengers and 5 crew members on board. At approximately 0030 Atlantic Daylight Time, while conducting a non-precision approach to Runway 05, the aircraft severed power lines, then struck the snow-covered ground about 740 feet before the runway threshold. The aircraft continued airborne through the localizer antenna array, then struck the ground twice more before sliding along the runway. It came to rest on the left side of the runway, about 1900 feet beyond the threshold. The aircraft was evacuated; 25 people sustained injuries and were taken to local hospitals. The aircraft was destroyed. There was no post-impact fire. The emergency locator transmitter was not activated. The accident occurred during the hours of darkness.Air Canada flight AC 624 delayed its arrival at Halifax International Airport, Nova Scotia because of snowfall and adverse weather conditions and entered a holding pattern west of the city.


After about 45 minutes, an approach was continued for a non-precision Localizer/NDB  approach to runway 05. At that time visibility at the aircraft was reduced by snowfall, additionally strong wings of up to 28 knots were blowing.

The Airbus A320 descended well below the proper approach path until it impacted uphill about 200 meters before the runway threshold. It smashed against localizer antenna and veered off the runway.

Before it came to rest in snow, one engine was ripped off, the other was crushed and the entire maingear collapsed. Both wings leading edges were shattered. 80 % of the right stabilizer was torn off.  Parts of the localizer antenna became entangled in the aircraft´s nose.

Flight AC 624 drifted to the left and came to a stop beside taxiway „Bravo“ which is close to the beginning of runway 05. Evacuation was initiated via emergency chutes.

All survived, but 23 people were treated in hospitals for non-life-threatening injuries.

According ot local media reports, the A320 eventually touched down about 300 meters short of the runway where it clipped a powerline causing a massive power outage at the airport.

At the time runway 05/23 is closed completely. The shorter runway 14/32 is due to open for traffic at 0600L.

METAR Halifax (CYHZ):
SPECI CYHZ 290521Z 33022G28KT 4SM -SN DRSN FEW015 OVC048 M06/M07 A2969 RMK SC2SC6 SLP063=
METAR CYHZ 290500Z 33021G27KT 1 1/2SM -SN DRSN BKN013 OVC027 M06/M07 A2968 RMK SC6SC2 /S13/ SLP058=


Canadian Transport Safety Board is investigating.

OCCURENCE DATASET

Date: 2015-03-29 Time: 00:43
Location: CYHZ YHZ Halifax
Country: Canada
Flight phase: LDG – Flare, Landing Roll, Aborted Landing after Touchdown
Damage to a/c: substantial (poss. hull loss)

Flight
Flight no.: AC 624
From: CYYZ/YYZ: Toronto Lester B. Pearson Intl Airport To: CYHZ/YHZ: Halifax
Type: Passenger
Operator: Air Canada

Aircraft
Type: Airbus A320
Registration: C-FTJP
Age a/c: 23,7 years
First flt.: 1991-07-10
Last incidents of aircraft msn 233 (C-FTJP):
2011-11-26 returned to Vancounver after acrid smell in cabin
2011-06-14 diverted to Toronto after multiple faults developed en-route
2009-03-06 undercarriage problems on approach to Winnipeg
2008-07-13 diverted Thunder Bay due to medical emergency

Map (provided by GOOGLE MAPS)

Approach path over Old Guysborough Road, Airport Perimeter Road

2015-03-29_A320_ACA@Halifax_MAP2

© TSB

© TSB

2015-03-29_A320_ACA@Halifax_JACDEC-WORLDMAP_small

Aircraft Involved

Occupants & Casualties

Crew Pax Other Total
Occupants 5 133 0 138
Fatalities 0 0 0 0
Injuries 23

JACDEC 20-year Statistics :

  • 37th safety occurence for the operator
  • 1st hull loss event for Air Canada since 1997-12-16
  • 381th safety occurence of type (A320)
  • 9th safety occurence at airport
  • 4th safety occurence for aircraft in question

Order a Safety Report

Air Canada

Image & Information Sources

Abbreviations

AP = Airport / AL = Airlines / Avn = Aviation / AW = Airways / C/N: Construction Number / DSP = Domestic Scheduled Passenger / DNP = Domestic Non-Scheduled Passenger / DSC = Domestic Scheduled Cargo / DNC= Domestic Non-Scheduled Cargo / GND = On the ground / parked, stored / FMN= Flying Mission, Air Work / FRY = Ferry-, Positioning Flight / IMC = Intrument Meteorological (flying) Conditions / ISP = International Scheduled Passenger / ISC=International Scheduled Cargo / INP = International Non-Scheduled Passenger / INC =International Non-Scheduled Cargo/ OPS = Flight Operation(s) / NRV = Non-revenue, Private Flight / TRN =Training Flight /  TST = Test & Certification Flight / VMC = Visual Meteorological (flying) Conditions 

OCCURENCE DATASET

Date: 2015-03-29 Time: 00:43
Location: CYHZ YHZ Halifax
Country: Canada
Flight phase: LDG – Flare, Landing Roll, Aborted Landing after Touchdown
Damage to a/c: substantial (poss. hull loss)

Flight
Flight no.: AC 624
From: CYYZ/YYZ: Toronto Lester B. Pearson Intl Airport To: CYHZ/YHZ: Halifax
Type: Passenger
Operator: Air Canada

Aircraft
Type: Airbus A320
Registration: C-FTJP
Age a/c: 23,7 years
First flt.: 1991-07-10
Last incidents of aircraft msn 233 (C-FTJP):
2011-11-26 returned to Vancounver after acrid smell in cabin
2011-06-14 diverted to Toronto after multiple faults developed en-route
2009-03-06 undercarriage problems on approach to Winnipeg
2008-07-13 diverted Thunder Bay due to medical emergency

Map (provided by GOOGLE MAPS)

Approach path over Old Guysborough Road, Airport Perimeter Road

2015-03-29_A320_ACA@Halifax_MAP2

2015-03-29_A320_ACA@Halifax_JACDEC-WORLDMAP_small

Aircraft Involved

Occupants & Casualties

Crew Pax Other Total
Occupants 5 133 0 138
Fatalities 0 0 0 0
Injuries 23

JACDEC 20-year Statistics :

  • 37th safety occurence for the operator
  • 1st hull loss event for Air Canada since 1997-12-16
  • 381th safety occurence of type (A320)
  • 9th safety occurence at airport
  • 4th safety occurence for aircraft in question

Order a Safety Report

Air Canada

Image & Information Sources

Abbreviations

AP = Airport / AL = Airlines / Avn = Aviation / AW = Airways / C/N: Construction Number / DSP = Domestic Scheduled Passenger / DNP = Domestic Non-Scheduled Passenger / DSC = Domestic Scheduled Cargo / DNC= Domestic Non-Scheduled Cargo / GND = On the ground / parked, stored / FMN= Flying Mission, Air Work / FRY = Ferry-, Positioning Flight / IMC = Intrument Meteorological (flying) Conditions / ISP = International Scheduled Passenger / ISC=International Scheduled Cargo / INP = International Non-Scheduled Passenger / INC =International Non-Scheduled Cargo/ OPS = Flight Operation(s) / NRV = Non-revenue, Private Flight / TRN =Training Flight /  TST = Test & Certification Flight / VMC = Visual Meteorological (flying) Conditions