2016-11-28 LAMIA Avro RJ-85 crashed near Medellin out of fuel

2016-11-28 LAMIA Avro RJ-85 crashed near Medellin out of fuel
29
Nov

2016-11-28 LAMIA Avro RJ-85 crashed near Medellin out of fuel

Narrative

The aircraft crashed into mountainside on descent to Medellin when it approached the city from the southeast. On board was the brazilian football team Chapecoense. There were 71 fatalities and 6 survivors.

UPDATE 2016-12-06

Lamia flight LMI 2933 took of from runway 34 at Santa Cruz-Viru Viru Airport, Bolivia at 18:18L. It climbed to 28,000 ft (FL 280) and followed airway UA301 to Trinidad and Rio Branco VOR (Brazil) to Colombian airspace.

The en-route altitude changed to 30,000 ft. before the pilots began their descent to Medellin at around 21:30L. The landing runway in use at the time was runway 36, meaning the approach was carried out from the south. 

It was dark at the time. The winds were calm. Light rain was falling at the airport.  The approach was flown without further abnormalties.  Minutes before there was a priority flight supposed to land ahead of them. VivaColombia flight VVC8170 from Bogota to San Andres reported their diversion to Medellin due to a suspected fuel leak. This traffic – an Airbus A320 – was turning to final approach when the RJ85 was instructed to enter a holding to give way to preceeding traffic. At 21:43L LMI2933 accepted the instruction and began to fly a holding pattern at 21.000 ft (FL210) over the Rio Negro VOR, about 17 miles southeast of their destination airport

Whilst in the hold, LMI2933 continued the descent and the pilots indicated some kind of electrical problems. A minute later the pilots requested priority handling indicating fuel issues to Air Traffic Control (ATC).

After two circles, the aircraft cancelled the holding and proceeded northbound its altitude gradually decreasing to 15,000 ft. and further down before radar contact was lost. Last indication on Flightradar24 showed an airspeed of just 142 Knots. In a distressed voice the pilots requested vectors (heading) towards the airport reporting they still fly on a heading of 360 (northbound).  This was the last transmission of LMI2933.

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_atc_transcrpt
ATC Recording of LMI2933 final minutes © VAS Aviation |YouTube

The aircraft was found to have crashed against Cerro Gordo in wooded, downsloping terrain. (approx. coordinates N 05°58’49.8″, S75° 25′ 05.8″) It cut a swathe in the forest until it broke up and came to rest in many fragments. It appears the tail and parts of the empenage hit the northern crest of the mountain and broke off, the fuselage, wings and engines fell down right through the forest on the other side, coming to rest about 100 meters further down on a level clearing.

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_wreckage
© AviationHerald | Youtube

The crash site is only accessible by land. Ground fog hampered any helicopter rescue operations.

Aviation officials corrected earlier casualty reports. Only 68 passengers (not 72) boarded the flight bringing the overall number of occupants to 77. A total of 71 people are confirmed dead while six have survived the crash.

The accident location is about 18 Km (10 NM) away from the beginning of the runway.

Medellin is surrounded by mountains. In the area of the presumed accident site the mountain summits reached an altitude of 11,000 ft (FL110) .

Bolivian Authority DGAC provided personnel informatino about the flightcrew in a press  statement.(pdf)

METAR: Medellin-Intl Airport (SKRG):

28/11/2016 22:00->
METAR SKRG 290300Z VRB02KT 9999 -DZ BKN015 SCT080 17/16 A3025=
28/11/2016 21:00->
METAR SKRG 290200Z 00000KT 9999 BKN015 SCT200 17/16 A3023=

IMAGES

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_acc2
© MIOriente | Twitter
2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_acc4
© L. Benavides | AP
2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_acc5
© El Pais

RANGE ASPECTS

NOTE: The direct distance from Santa Cruz-Viru Viru (SLVR) to Medellin-O Herrera Airport (SKMD) is 1605 nautical miles (equiv of 2975 Km). This distance is greater than the official maximum range of a standard Avro RJ-85, which is only 1600 nm (2965 km). To Medellin-Intl Airport (SKRG) the distance is exactly 1600 nm.

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_bae_rj85
© BAE Systems Remote Runway Ops, Avro RJ-85 Range Performances

Green Line = RJ-85 Standard
Blue Line = RJ-85 Standard + Pannier (aux tank)
Olive Line = RJ-85 Standard + Pannier (aux tank) + Rear Bay tank
Red Line = RJ-85 Standard + Pannier (aux tank) + Rear Bay tank + Front Bay tank


DISTANCE (map)

Based to realistic calculations by the AviatonHerald there was no way the accident flight could have reached its destination legally without an en-route fuel stop.

Possible alternate aerodromes were Cobija, Tabatinga or Leticia but only Leticia would have been available for refuelling. (see map below)

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_route_skyvector
© Skyvector.com | AviationHerald

FILED FLIGHTPLAN – LMI2933

Below is the original flight plan of LMI2933, believed to be genuine. The alternate aerodrome was Bogota (SKBO). The total flying time was set at 4 hours and 22 minutes (yellow box) a what experts said an ultra- long nonstop distance for a RJ-85 aircraft.

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_flightplan1
© DarioElDeber | SocialShorthand

The document was signed-off by both the captain and the dispatcher.

2016-11-28_cp-2933_rj84_lamiacerrogorda_flightplan
© DarioElDeber | SocialShorthand

ACCIDENT LOCATION

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-map2

THE TEAM

The flight was chartered by the brazilian football team Chapecoense, Chapéco. The team was on its way to play the final of the Copy Sudamericana against Atletico Nacional de Medellin. Their itinerary consisted of a scheduled flight on board a Boliviana BOA 767 (OB739, CP-2881) from Sao Paulo-Guarulhos (GRU) to Santa Cruz-Viru Viru (VVI) where their ongoing aircraft (CP-2933 was already waiting for their boarding to the rest of the journey (LMI2933).

The team of Chapecoense before boarding their final flight LMI2933.
2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_team2
© RabonaApp | Twitter

FLIGHTPATH and TRAFFIC SITUATION

Flightpath (provided by Flightradar24)
2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_fr24
@ Flightradar24

According to Flightradar24 information, the traffic situation south of Medellin was complex at the time LMI2933 was approaching. Several aircraft had entered a holding pattern over RioNegro VOR. There were at least three landing ahead of the accident flight. One of them was VIVAColombia flight VVI8170 that previously cancelled its flight to San Andres and diverted to Medellin-Intl Airport due to a suspected fuel leak. This flight requested priority handling as well.

(The ADSB-radar  tracks provided by Flightradar24 may have a margin of error and inaccuracy.)
 2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_trafc1

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_trafc2a1

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_trafc2a


Any additions or corrections ?
Please e-mail us

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_worldmapsm

Aircraft Involved

2016-11-28-cp-2933_rj-85_lamiamedellin-area_acft
©CACSpotter | Jetphotos.net

Aircraft
Type: Avro RJ-85
Registration: CP-2933
Age a/c: 17.7 years
Constr. No.: 2348
Previous owners: Mesaba Airlines (1999), CityJet Ireland (2008), LaMia (2013)  

Occupants & Casualties

Crew Pax Other Total
Occupants 9 68 0 77
Fatalities 64  71
Survivors 2 6
Passenger Manifest: Aerocivil-Prensa

 

(List in PDF)

 

OCCURENCE DATASET
Date: 2016-08-28 Time: ~22:00L
Location: 20 NM SE of Medellin
Country: Colombia
Flight phase: ENR3 – Descent IFR Descent from cruise to Initial Approach Fix (IAF) or VFR pattern entry.
Damage to a/c: hull loss

Flight
Flight no.: LMI 2933
From: SLVR/VVI: Santa Cruz-Viru Viru Intl Airport To: SKRG/MDE: Medellín José María Córdova International
Type: Passenger
Operator: LAMIA Bolivia

JACDEC 25-year Statistics :

  • 2nd safety occurence for the operator
  • 28th safety occurence of type (Avro RJ-85)
    –  2nd worst Avro RJ accident ever
  • 11th safety occurence near Medellin Airport
  • 2nd safety occurence for aircraft in question
    – 2015-01-06 ran off taxiway at Tacna, Peru

Order a Safety Report

Safety Report - LAMIA
Over 900 Airlines in Vetting System

Video

Image & Information Sources



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All written and shown content on JACDEC.de is provided in the most accurate way. All information may be subject to changes because JACDEC.de cannot always ensure a full support of information updates to each news story.

No publication (or part of) provided by at JACDEC.de may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means or by any information retrieval system without written permission from JACDEC. The below information includes unofficial information and should be treated as this. Editors cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions caused by any information source mentioned herein. The nature of the following information should be regarded as preliminary.
Furthermore, the author cannot be held accountable for correctness, completeness or quality of the information provided herein. Liability claims regarding damage caused by the use of any information provided, including any kind of information which is incomplete or incorrect,will therefore be rejected.
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Abbreviations



AP = Airport / AL = Airlines / Avn = Aviation / AW = Airways / C/N: Construction Number / DSP = Domestic Scheduled Passenger / DNP = Domestic Non-Scheduled Passenger / DSC = Domestic Scheduled Cargo / DNC= Domestic Non-Scheduled Cargo / GND = On the ground / parked, stored / FMN= Flying Mission, Air Work / FRY = Ferry-, Positioning Flight / IMC = Intrument Meteorological (flying) Conditions / ISP = International Scheduled Passenger / ISC=International Scheduled Cargo / INP = International Non-Scheduled Passenger / INC =International Non-Scheduled Cargo/ OPS = Flight Operation(s) / NRV = Non-revenue, Private Flight / TRN =Training Flight /  TST = Test & Certification Flight / VMC = Visual Meteorological (flying) Conditions 

Narrative

During cruiseflight, the aircraft experienced a catastrophic failure of its left engine. The pilots managed to make an emergency landing at Pensacola, FL.

Southwest Flight WN 3472 took off from New Orleans Intl Airport (MSY, KMSY) at 09:10L on runway 01 and made a normal climb-out to its assigned en-route altitude. While the 737 was climbing through 31.000 ft, heading east over the Gulf of mexico, approximately seven miles south of the western tip of Horn Island, a catastrophic failure of the foreward casing of the left engine (model: CFM-56-7B24) took place. 

About 12 minutes after departure, the air-inlet cowl detached, broke away and plummeted into the sea.

The pilots immedately dicontinued their climb and initiated an emergency descend.

There is indication that oxygen masks were deployed to passengers and crewmembers. 

The flight was given vectors for an emergency landing at Pensacola Airport, FL where the 737 touched down safely on runway 17 about 20 minutes later. However, post-flight inspection revealed damage to the wing section close to the engine pylon and debris impact damage to the aft fuselage. 

2016-08-27_N766SW_B737_WN@Pensacola_ACC1
© J Martin | Koco

 

2016-08-27_N766SW_B737_WN@Pensacola_ACC2
© Twitter | Stuff.co.nz
2016-08-27_N766SW_B737_WN@Pensacola_Cowl1
© CF | CrankyFlier

 

Flightpath (provided by Flightradar24)
2016-08-27_N766SW_B737_WN@Pensacola_FR24
@ Flightradar24

Any additions or corrections ?
Please e-mail us

2016-08-27_N766SW_B737_WN@Pensacola_JACDEC-WORLDMAP_small

Aircraft Involved

2016-08-27_N766SW_B737_WN@Pensacola_ACFT
© Nito | Jetphotos.net

Aircraft
Type: Boeing 737-700
Registration: N766SW
Age a/c: 16.4 years
Constr. No.: 29806

Occupants & Casualties

Crew Pax Other Total
Occupants 5 99 0 104
Fatalities 0 0 0 0
Injuries  0 0 0 0

 

OCCURENCE DATASET
Date: 2016-08-27 Time: 09:22
Location: KPNS PNS Pensacola Regl area
Country: United States of America
Flight phase: ENR – Cruise, Descent, Holding
Damage to a/c: substantial

Flight
Flight no.: WN 3472
From: KMSY/MSY: New Orleans Intl To: KMCO/: Orlando Intl
Type: Passenger
Operator: Southwest Airlines

JACDEC 25-year Statistics :

  • 69th safety occurence for the operator
  • 102nd safety occurence of type (B737-700)
  • 3rd safety occurence at Pensacola Airport
  • 2nd safety occurence for aircraft in question
    – 2015-05-26 cargo smoke indication near Los Angeles

Order a Safety Report

Safety Report - Southwest Airlines
Over 900 Airlines in Vetting System

Video

Image & Information Sources



Copyright - Terms of Usage



All written and shown content on JACDEC.de is provided in the most accurate way. All information may be subject to changes because JACDEC.de cannot always ensure a full support of information updates to each news story.

No publication (or part of) provided by at JACDEC.de may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means or by any information retrieval system without written permission from JACDEC. The below information includes unofficial information and should be treated as this. Editors cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions caused by any information source mentioned herein. The nature of the following information should be regarded as preliminary.
Furthermore, the author cannot be held accountable for correctness, completeness or quality of the information provided herein. Liability claims regarding damage caused by the use of any information provided, including any kind of information which is incomplete or incorrect,will therefore be rejected.
For further terms and conditions, check our legal disclaimer section:
http://www.jacdec.de/imprint-legal-disclaimer/ 



Abbreviations



AP = Airport / AL = Airlines / Avn = Aviation / AW = Airways / C/N: Construction Number / DSP = Domestic Scheduled Passenger / DNP = Domestic Non-Scheduled Passenger / DSC = Domestic Scheduled Cargo / DNC= Domestic Non-Scheduled Cargo / GND = On the ground / parked, stored / FMN= Flying Mission, Air Work / FRY = Ferry-, Positioning Flight / IMC = Intrument Meteorological (flying) Conditions / ISP = International Scheduled Passenger / ISC=International Scheduled Cargo / INP = International Non-Scheduled Passenger / INC =International Non-Scheduled Cargo/ OPS = Flight Operation(s) / NRV = Non-revenue, Private Flight / TRN =Training Flight /  TST = Test & Certification Flight / VMC = Visual Meteorological (flying) Conditions