2014-07-17 Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200 shot down near Donetsk-UPDATE

2014-07-17 Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200 shot down near Donetsk-UPDATE

2014-07-17 Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200 shot down near Donetsk-UPDATE

The Joint Investigation Team published their findings into the search to identify the perpetrators of the crash of MH17.




The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) presented their interim report about the findings of the criminal investigation who was responsible for the crash of MH17.


The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) is convinced of having obtained irrefutable evidence to establish that on 17 July 2014, flight MH-17 was shot down by a BUK missile from the 9M38-series. According to the JIT there is also evidence identifying the launch location that involves an agricultural field near Pervomaiskyi  which,at the time, was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. This was announced today by the JIT during a presentation for the relatives of the victims. Members of the JIT, Australia, Belgium, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Ukraine, are working together on the criminal investigation into the crash of flight MH17.

Apart from the cause of the crash, the investigation is also aimed at identifying and prosecuting the perpetrators. Therefore it needs to be examined who had any role in the shooting down of flight MH17 and what was their intention. In this respect the JIT depends largely on the testimonies of witnesses.

The criminal investigation as to what has caused the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 will continue.2014-07-17_jit-logoreport




JIT presents first results of criminal investigation of MH17 crash



Causes of the crash

a. On 17 July 2014, Malaysia Airlines operated flight MH17, an airworthy Boeing 777-200 with the registration 9M-MRD, in cruise flight near the Ukrainian/Russian border at 33,000 feet, under the control of Ukrainian Air Traffic Control and was operated by a competent and qualified crew.

a. At 13.20:03 hours (15.20:03 CET) a warhead detonated outside and above the left hand side of the cockpit of flight MH17. It was a 9N314M warhead carried on the 9M38-series of missiles as installed on the Buk surface-to-air missile system.

c. Other scenarios that could have led to the disintegration of the aeroplane were considered, analysed and excluded based on the evidence available.

d. The impact killed the three persons in the cockpit and caused structural damage to the forward part of the aeroplane leading to an in-flight break-up. The break-up resulted in a wreckage area of 50 square kilometres between the village of Petropavlivka and the town of Hrabove, Ukraine. All 298 occupants lost their lives.



Conclusions regarding the flight route of MH17

b. During the period prior to the crash of flight MH17, the armed conflict in the eastern part of Ukraine expanded into the airspace. Consequently, the risks to overflying civil aviation increased.

c. The statements made by the Ukrainian authorities in which they reported that military aeroplanes had been shot down on 14 and 16 July, and in which they mentioned weapon systems that were able to reach cruising altitude of civil aeroplanes, provided sufficient reason for closing the airspace above the eastern part of Ukraine as a precaution.

d. The other parties involved -operators, the states in which they are based and third parties such as ICAO -did not identify potential risks posed by the armed conflict in the eastern part of Ukraine to civil aviation. Operators, including Malaysia Airlines, assumed that the open parts of Ukrainian airspace were safe. States did not issue any specific warnings about risks to civil aviation during the period in which the conflict expanded into the airspace. ICAO did not see any reason for questioning Ukraine or offer assistance.

Conclusions regarding flying over conflict zones

a. The current system of responsibilities for safeguarding civil aviation does not provide sufficient means to adequately assess the risks associated with flying over conflict areas.

b. Risk assessment for civil aviation using the airspace over conflict areas should not only consider actual threats but should also include risks of which the intention or capability is uncer tain.

For a detailed analysis of all aspects of flight MH17, please check the Final Investigation Report of the Dutch Safety Board (DSB) –> [LINK] (pdf)

The investigation of flight MH17

Accident Analysis by JACDEC


The aircraft was flying on its intended airway (L980) over northeastern Ukraine at flight level 330 (33.000 ft.) when radar contact was lost at a point 30 km from TAMAK waypoint. Initial reports from local authorities indicate that the aircraft was hit by a ground-to-air missile resulting in an immediate loss of control.

The Boeing 777  impacted on flat farmland near the village of Krabovo about 50 kilometers from the russian border. The wreckage was spread over a larger area. There was a large explosion on impact and post impact fire quickly consumed much of the wreckage.

There were no survivors.

At this time it is still unclear who is responsible for the rocket attack. Intense military operations are going on in eastern Ukraine since the Ukrainian Government fights pro-russian seperatist. At least 4 military aircraft have been shot down this year.

Media statements made by the separatists first claimed to have shot down another Antonov An-26 but quickly tried to erase this statement in the www.

Ukraine Security Agency (SBU) released a transctript of an intercepted telephone call in which commanders of the self-proclaimed „Donetsk Republic“ discussed the crash and a possible error. The content contained some clues that local militia was involved in the shoot down.

There are speculation that pro-russian militia forces have have captured 1 or 2 „Buk“ mobile missile systems which were capable of reaching high altitude targets such as civilian jets in cruiseflight.

Ukraine Government confirmed that MH 17 became the victim of a shoot down.

Malaysia flight MH 17 was en-route on a civilian route which was not prohibited by ATC because of securitiy risks.

Eurocontrol has closed the eastern ukrainian airspace. Many airlines have announce they will avoid flying over the region.

 Filed Flight Plan Route MH 17: 


At the time of the accident, MH 17 was operating only 1000 ft. above restricted airspace in the Dnipropetrovsk flight information region. All upper air routes over eastern Ukraine began at 32.000 ft at the lowest.

All routes in this region were closed after the accident until further notice.(see bottom map)

Access to the crash site, the bodies, the wreckage and the flight recorders is limited because the rebel militia is controlling the area.

Both flight recorders have been rescued and handed overby the militia and were found in good shape. Both CVR and FDR analysis will take place at british AAIB headquarters in Farnborough.

Malaysia Airlines flight MH 17 airspace situation from the german book „Crashtest. Die verborgenen Risiken des Fliegens„, by Andreas Spaeth -> LINK

Abb31 KAP09 MH17-Absturzzone-Report_FINAL700px
© Jacdec.de

Malaysia Airlines flight MH 17 moment of detonation from the german book „Crashtest. Die verborgenen Risiken des Fliegens„, by Andreas Spaeth -> LINK

Abb32 KAP09_MH17_Raketeneinschlag_FINAL700px
© Jacdec.de

DUTCH SAFETY BOARD Preliminary Report

MH 17 Air Traffic Control (ATC) communications during the time of the accident

Times are in UTC (Zulu), Local Time is UTC +0300 hours




Date: 2014-07-17 Time: 16:20
Location: Hrabove area
Country: Ukraine
Flight phase: ENR – Cruise, Descent, Holding
Damage to a/c: hull loss

Flight no.: MH 17
From: EHAM/AMS: Amsterdam-Schiphol Intl Airport To: WMKK/KUL: Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Type: Passenger
Operator: Malaysia Airlines

Type: Boeing 777-200
Registration: 9M-MRD
Age a/c: 17,0 years
Constr. No.: 28411

Alledged satellite image showing shot-down of MH17

in Mid-October russian media published a satellite photo showing the alledged shot-down of MH17 flight by a fighter aircraft. This photo, released almost 4 months after the crash supports the theory that MH17 was shot down by a ukrainian military jet. However, the authenticity of this photo is hightly disputed by international experts.

2014-07-17_B772_MH@Donetsk area_Satellite1small

Photo in large

JACDEC estimates the attacking aircraft (red rectangle) is likely to be a MiG-29 of Sukhoi Su-27 fighter jet capable of reaching the altitude of MH17 during its cruiseflight.
There is no official word about the origin of the photo, the satellite from where it was taken or further photographical documents showing the aircraft being hit.
JACDEC is doubtful this photo is real. We agree to investigative journalist website Bellingcat  and its commentary about the photo [LINK]

DUTCH SAFETY BOARD Preliminary Report

Wreckage Distribution. Foreward parts of the aircraft including the cockpit are seperated by 4 km from the rest of the wreckage


DUTCH SAFETY BOARD Preliminary Report

Wreckage analysis of the cockpit floor section. Puncture holes (red circles) coming from high energetic projectiles from above. (DSB/NBAA)


DUTCH SAFETY BOARD Preliminary Report


  • „Based on the preliminary findings to date, no indications of any technical or operational issues  were found with the aircraft or crew prior to the ending od the  cockpit voice recorder (CVR) and digital flight recorder (FDR) at 13:20:03 hr.“
  • „The damage observed in the foreward section of the aircraft appears to indicate that the aircraft was penetrated by a large number of high-engergeticobjects from outside the aircraft. it is likely this damage resulted in a loss of structural integrety of the aircraft, leading to an in-flight break up.“

Download the Preliminary Report from The Dutch Safety Board



High Enroute Traffic Simulation within the last 90 minutes before the end of MH 17

Map (provided by Skyvector.com)


Map of diverted air-routes around the conflict region (yellow oval)

Provided by Eurocontrol2014-07-17_9M-MRD_B772_MAS@Donetsk_area_MAP2

List of the worst inflight aircraft shoot downs from the ground
(from JACDEC Database)

 2014-07-17  Boeing 777-200 Malaysia AL 9M-MRD Ukraine FL 330 shot down by ground-to-air missile 298
 1988-07-03 Airbus A300 Iran Air EP-IBU Persian Gulf FL 140 shot down by US Navy Vessel „Vincennes“ 290
 1993-09-22 Tupolev TU-154 Georgian Airways 85163  Georgia 2000 ft. shot down on approach by Abkhazian rebels 108
 1962-06-30 Tupolev Tu-104 Aeroflot CCCP-42370 central  Russia unk hit by faulty missile during defence exercise 84
 2001-10-04  Tupolev Tu-154 Sibir Airlines RA-85693 Black Sea FL 360 shot down in error during Ukraine defence exercise 78
1986-08-16 Fokker F-27 Sudan Airways ST-ADY southern Sudan unk shot down by SAM-7 missile fired by rebels 60
1979-02-12 V. Viscount Air Rhodesia VP-YND Zimbabwe unk shot down by SAM-7 missile fired by rebels 59
 1998-09-29 Antonov An-24 Lionair EW-46465 Sri Lanka FL 140 shot down by Tamil Tiger rebels 55



* = altitude in flight level (FL) / FL x 100 = altitude in feet

2014-07-17_B772_MH@Donetsk area_Worldmap


Crew Pax Other Total
Occupants 15 283 0 298
Fatalities 15 283 0 298
Injuries 0 0 0 0

Nationalities of passengers + crewmembers:

  • 192 Dutch
  • 44 Malaysian
  • 27 Australian
  • 12 Indonesian
  • 10 British
  • 4 German
  • 4 Belgian
  • 3 Philippine
  • 1 Canadian
  • 1 New Zealand

JACDEC 20-year Statistics :

  • 35th safety occurence of the airline
  • 8th hull loss of the airline
  • 2nd fatal occurence of airline in 2014
  • worst ever aircraft shot down in history
  • worst accident of a Boeing 777
  • 8th worst aviation disaster of all times
Malaysia Airlines Safety Report

Image & Information Sources

The aircraft in question

© H. Schnichels| Airliners.net


AP = Airport / AL = Airlines / Avn = Aviation / AW = Airways / C/N: Construction Number / DSP = Domestic Scheduled Passenger / DNP = Domestic Non-Scheduled Passenger / DSC = Domestic Scheduled Cargo / DNC= Domestic Non-Scheduled Cargo / GND = On the ground / parked, stored / FMN= Flying Mission, Air Work / FRY = Ferry-, Positioning Flight / IMC = Intrument Meteorological (flying) Conditions / ISP = International Scheduled Passenger / ISC=International Scheduled Cargo / INP = International Non-Scheduled Passenger / INC =International Non-Scheduled Cargo/ OPS = Flight Operation(s) / NRV = Non-revenue, Private Flight / TRN =Training Flight /  TST = Test & Certification Flight / VMC = Visual Meteorological (flying) Conditions